The Importance of Cybersecurity by Sonya Scott

Don’t Let the Hacker Get You!

cyber security

Cybersecurity Defined:

You may ask the question, what is cybersecurity?  Well, cybersecurity is the measures taken to protect a computer or computer system (as on the Internet) against unauthorized access or attack.  People from all walks of life use computers every day.  It does not matter whether it is a home computer, work computer, laptop computer or desktop computer; they all should be protected from unauthorized access (hacking) in cyberspace (online networks or internet) that we use (Merriam-Webster, n.d.).

What a National Organization & Government Says about Cyber security:

National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (n.d.) state the following:

Right now the Internet is not a very private place. Passwords are the main form of account protection. But cyber criminals can use simple tool kits that break them or can trick people into giving up their passwords with phishing emails and spoofed websites. Additional security features usually require consumers to share all kinds of personal information like home towns, favorite books, and pet names. For more information, please visit

For your protection, one of the best ways to exercise caution is by never sharing your password(s) with anyone. Another way to protect yourself is to have antivirus software installed on your computer(s) and to make sure that your antivirus software is current (not expired).  While even taking the necessary precautions to prevent breaches in cybersecurity, the risk of compromise still exists, but we do have the power of controlling what information we give to others.

U S Department of Homeland Security (n.d.) state the following:

President Obama designated October as National Cyber Security Awareness Month. National Cyber Security Awareness Month is designed to engage and educate public and private sector partners through events and initiatives with the goal of raising awareness about cybersecurity and increasing the resiliency of the nation in the event of a cyber incident.

This is something that many of us did not know, but there are events held to talk about this growing concern.  For a list of the dates and locations of the cybersecurity events and for more information, please visit:

Do I Have a Virus?          virus          How Can I Tell?

To better understand what a virus is and how to tell if your computer has a virus, please visit:


Group 5 References Here: Reference Page Link


Smart Machines by Anthony Willard

           With the constant changes that occur in the realm of technology, it is not always easy to see what the next changes will be and how people will be affected by such changes. The existence and increased usage of smart machines is one such technological change that is beginning to have a significant impact on us and the society in which we live.

So What Are Smart Machines?

  • Smart MachinesSmart machines are “intelligent device[s] that uses machine-to-machine (M2M) technology” (Rouse, 2014).
  • Some examples of smart machines are self-driving cars, cognitive computing systems, and some types of robots (Rouse, 2014).
  • True smart machines are able to operate mentally and physically on their own, thus making them autonomous.

           Although robotics have become more common in places such as manufacturing factories, they are beginning to expand into other sectors due to the increase in the cognitive abilities of the machines. Traditionally, many machines have been programmed by humans; however, smart machines are able to program themselves through their interactions with data and humans (Kelly, Hamm, 2013, p. 8). In a sense, machines and computers will adapt to humans rather than humans adapting to machines and computers (Kelly, Hamm, 2013, p. 8). The cognitive adaptability of smart machines allows machines to be able to carry out tasks that makeup the roles of a variety of jobs, such as those in the service sector. Smart machines are already being used for financial analysis and medical diagnostics (Barajas, 2014).

           Some smart machines are currently being tested and used in libraries in order to increase library services to patrons. For example, due to children’s limited “spatial skills and knowledge of the rules of library-information organization, a robot was created at a library (Eaton, 1991; Harris & McKenzie, 2004). The robot, called Book Smile, was tested for the purpose of helping children find books on the shelves of the library. Here is what Book Smile did:

A photo including a physical description of
A photo including a physical description of “Book Smile”
  1. Book Smile, which was equipped with sensors and lasers, was able to ask the child what he/she was looking for and then guide the child to the location of the book in the library.
  2. Book Smile then identified where the book was at on the shelf while showing an image of the book on the robot’s screen.
  3. Once the book was identified and placed on the Book Smile’s ‘mouth’, it took the patron back to the circulation desk to check out the book.
  4. Along the way to the circulation desk, Book Smile read an abstract of the book.

For more information on Book Smile, read the full article.

           Although we are in the early stages of smart machine usage, these machines are beginning to have a real impact on the way the world works Smart machines are beginning to be used in multiple workforce sectors and even private life. How will smart machines impact the information and library fields in the long run?

Additional information on smart machines and their impact on the world:


Group 5 References Here: Reference Page Link

Have you (I really mean your library) made space for MakerSpace? In particular 3D Printing by Kim Sweeting

Hello all.  I want to share my experience with 3D Printing as a part of Information Technologies, uses and trends.  

Well let me first define MakerSpace–  it seems self-explanatory: making space but for what??? for hands-on experimental play and inquiry into technology made available in schools, libraries and businesses offering that service.  MakerSpace does not have to have electronic devices or power tools for it to be an established MakerSpace, but my focus will be on 3D printing.

Let me share this definition from Diana Rendina’s blog from renovatedlearning: A makerspace is a place where students can gather to create, invent, tinker, explore and discover using a variety of tools and materials.

For further reading check out her blog at

My Experience:  I had the opportunity to be one of the two staff members at my branch library to receive in-house training on 3D printing.  It was required for all fifteen branches to have two staff members to complete this training.  I was asked if I was interested and I said “Yes”.  Who wouldn’t miss the opportunity to receive free training and the bonus of additional tech experience on your resume???  Not I.  So off, I started MakerCamp (the basics), which consisted of online lessons through and, and finished with an hands-on class (including troubleshooting, of course) with a MakerBot Replicator.

The Purpose of the 3D Printing class:

  • Explain what is 3D printing?  Check out this video.

  • Be prepared as a staff member to do demonstrations and programs at the local branch level.
  • Introduce and expose to customers (young and old) this technology for free.

The Results of the 3D Printing class:

  • Satisfaction of completing my personal project created through Tinkercad and then printed with a MakerBot Replicator.
  • Seeing firsthand all the possibilities for the kids (and the adults, too),  and acknowledging that 3D printing is for everyone and through libraries it can be accessible for (say it with me) “free“.
  • Gaining knowledge and skills that I can share with others.



Group 5 References Here: Reference Page Link

Virtual Library Spaces by Ken Smith

Last week in discussion, we addressed the pros and cons of on-site and off-site collections because shelf space isn’t forever. Presented was the question of “both” and the discussion focused on the value of the printed collection and preserving the integrity of the traditional library.  Many discussed the value of having a hybrid collection because of our responsibility to the needs of our patrons and a few discussed the valuable physical space or real estate involved. Though we all have varying opinions of what is best, I think we all agree, to some extent, that as collections evolve and premium space grows in demand, we have to do something.

Third Space

Our customers are asking for something different and as the needs or demands of our patrons change, we must embrace the solution of “Virtual Spaces” to compliment and to create the necessary floor space for what is referred to as the “Third Space” (Montgomery & Miller, 2011).  “A Third Place is somewhere other than home or work, the first two places” (Annoyed Librarian, 2014).

There has been an increase in library usage, they just are not coming in to the physical library. In-library use is declining significantly over the past ten years (See Graph)  (Reid, 2015).  By creating virtual spaces, we can increase our physical space and enhance our resource offerings which allows us to find ways to reach our patrons and remain relevant so they will continue to be patrons.

Virtual Spaces in the Library include but are not limited to:

Library Web Resources; used to increase

  • 24/7 Chat with Librarian or Ask-a-Librarian
  • Online Catalogs
  • Borrowing/Returning/Renew

Library Online Collections; used to be increase the library offerings.

  • Article Database
  • Digital Archives
  • eJournals
  • Special Collections

Library Social Networking Sites; used for promotion and to increase reach throughout the community.

  • Facebook, Twitter, Foursquare, LinkedInsimple-flat-social-icons3
  • Blogs, RSS Feeds

Library Technology Resources; helps the library stay relevant and enhances that “Third Place”   wsu library

  • Computer Labs
  • Collaboration Rooms
  • Tele-Conferencing Meeting Rooms
  • Gaming Rooms


Interested in more ideas about creating Virtual Library Spaces: Read More…


Group 5 References Here: Reference Page Link